After the civil war there was a great demand for fresh meat. Longhorns had run wild in Texas and thrived, natural selection creating a disease resistant, efficient meat producer. They could survive and grow fat on very little grazing. They were rounded up in Texas and moved up the trail known as the Chisholm Trail, scouted out by Jesse Chisholm in the years following the Civil War to shipping points in Kansas founded by Joesph McCoy. From there they would supply beef to a hungry nation. The great trail drives would die out by the 1870's and modern "English" cattle would replace the longhorn as a source of beef. By the 1920's the longhorn breed was in danger of being lost, but seven "families" were still preserving the bloodlines of the hardy longhorn breed. The Wichita Reservation in Oklahoma would be one of the places that the longhorn lines were preserved.
605 Zellers Avenue Chisholm Trail Museum- Kingfisher, OK Phone 405-375-5176 Open Tuesday-Saturday 10am- 5 pm *closed on major holidays